:: Venus :: 

Metric

Scientific Notation

By Comparison


Discovered By  Known by the Ancients  
Date of Discovery  Unknown  
Average Distance from the Sun  108,208,930 km  1.0820893 x 108 km (0.723332 A.U.)  0.723 x Earth 
Perihelion (closest)  107,476,000 km  1.07476 x 108 km (0.718 A.U.)  0.730 x Earth 
Aphelion (farthest)  108,942,000 km  1.08942 x 108 km (0.728 A.U.)  0.716 x Earth 
Equatorial Radius  6,051.8 km  6.0518 x 103 km  0.9488 x Earth 
Equatorial Circumference  38,025 km  3.8025 x 104 km   
Volume  928,400,000,000 km3  9.284 x 1011 km3  0.88 x Earth's 
Mass  4,868,500,000,000,000,000,000,000 kg  4.8685 x 1024 kg  0.815 x Earth 
Density  5.24 g/cm3  Comparable to the average density of the Earth  
Surface Area  460,200,000 km2  4.602 x 108 km2  0.902 x Earth 
Equatorial Surface Gravity  8.87 m/s2    If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 91 pounds on Venus 
Escape Velocity  37,300 km/h  1.036 x 104 m/s  0.927 x Earth 
Sidereal Rotation
Period (Length of Day) 
243 Earth days (retrograde) 5832 hours (retrograde)    244 x Earth 
Sidereal Orbit Period
(Length of Year) 
0.615 Earth years 224.7 Earth days    0.615 x Earth 
Mean Orbit Velocity  126,077 km/h  35,021.4 m/s  1.176 x Earth 
Orbital Eccentricity  .0068    0.405 x Earth 
Orbital Inclination to Ecliptic  3.39 degrees    
Equatorial Inclination to Orbit  177.3 degrees    7.56 x Earth 
Orbital Circumference  675,300,000 km  6.753 x 108 km  0.731 x Earth 
Minimum/Maximum Surface Temperature  462 °C  735 K  
Atmospheric Constituents  Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen  CO2, N2  Earth's atmosphere consists mostly of N2 and O2. CO2 is largely responsible for the Greenhouse Effect and is used for carbonation in beverages. N2 is 80% of Earth's air and is a crucial element in DNA. 